Archaeology and distant history
During the archaeological investigation, the team uncovered ancient artefacts and biofacts that suggest the land was historically used for farming and livestock. The nearby River Ouzel and on-site pond and water pit would have suited the farmer’s needs. The team unearthed late Iron Age and early Roman pottery, though not enough to suggest domestic settlement. Larger quantities of pottery artefacts were found within an area used for crop processing, where the team also found drying ovens and stone surfaces. The main domestic site lay beyond the perimeter of Campbell Wharf, and the arrangement of the farmstead was consistent with other Iron Age and Roman examples which have been discovered around Milton Keynes.
Campbell Wharf is near the historic villages of Little Woolstone and Great Woolstone (now combined and known as Woolstone), and Willen and are included within the modern day Milton Keynes. The settlements were originally small agricultural and farming communities and the area is steeped in history.
Records go as far back as the Domesday Book of 1086, when the village was called Wlsiestone. The Cross Keys pub in Great Woolstone dates back to 1560, while the Barge Inn at Little Woolstone was built in the early 1800’s and welcomed passing boatmen and their horses during journeys on the Grand Union Canal.